Mutawali, Muhammad (2022) Customary law of dou Donggo Bima from the perspective of islamic and indonesian positive law. Al-Ihkam: Jurnal Hukum dan Pranata Sosial, 17 (1). pp. 1-27. ISSN (P-ISSN 1907-591X and E-ISSN 2442-3084)

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Abstract

INDONESIA Masyarakat (dou) Donggo biasa menggunakan kearifan lokal dan hukum adat untuk menyelesaikan masalah hukum yang terjadi. Bagi mereka, keduanya merupakan sistem yang diyakini sebagai kebenaran dan memenuhi unsur keadilan yang mengutamakan nilai-nilai perdamaian. Karenanya, sistem hukum adat tersebut tetap bertahan hingga kini. Penegakan hukum adat yang demikian dijalankan oleh sebuah lembaga adat bernama Lembaga Adat dan Syari`at Donggo (LASDO). Penelitian ini adalah penelitian hukum normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan, komparatif dan kasus dengan mengkaji tiga putusan LASDO sebagai obyek material penelitian. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara dan studi dokumen, baik yang sifatnya primer berupa referensi hukum adat, yurisprudensi, hukum Islam, maupun yang sekunder, yakni hasil penelitian yang relevan dan karya-karya para ahli hukum. Analisis statutory dan comparative mengantarkan pada sebuah kesimpulan bahwa masyarakat adat Donggo kontemporer masih menerapkan hukum adat berupa baja dan cambuk dalam menyelesaikan masalah hukum pidana seperti pada kasus perkosaan, pencurian, dan perzinaan. Sanksi yang dijatuhkan oleh LASDO pada 3 kasus tersebut berbeda dengan hukuman yang terdapat dalam KUHP. Sementara jika dibandingkan dengan hukum Islam, terdapat kesamaan spirit dan jenis hukuman meski berbeda dalam bentuk hukuman yang diberlakukan. ENGLISH The community (dou) of Donggo uses their local wisdom and customary law to deal with legal matters within its society. Both are believed as truth and fulfilling the sense of justice within the community that upheld peace values. Therefore, it has been preserved for a long time until today. Practically, customary law enforcement is implemented by a customary law institution called Lembaga Adat dan Syari’at Donggo/Donggo’s Customs and Sharia Council (LASDO). This study is a normative legal study with statutory, comparative, and case approaches putting three legal decisions of LASDO as its material object. Data are collected through interviews and studies of the relevant documents consisting of primary ones; customary law, jurisprudence, and Islamic law references, and the secondary one; relevant research results, and the works of legal experts. The statutory and comparative. analysis employed in this study led to the finding that the contemporary Donggo community still employs the customary laws, such as baja and flogging law in solving the criminal cases namely rape, theft, and adultery. The sanctions imposed by LASDO in these three cases are different from the punishments contained in the KUHP. While compared to Islamic law, there are similarities in spirit and type of punishment yet different in the sentence form.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: dou Donggo Bima; customary law; indonesian positive law; islamic law
Subjects: 16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1601 Anthropology > 160104 Social and Cultural Anthropology
18 LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES > 1801 Law > 180104 Civil Law and Procedure
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2002 Cultural Studies > 200207 Sasak, Samawa, or Mbojo Cultural Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
Divisions: Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan > Jurusan Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: mrs Nuraeni S.IPi
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2022 07:20
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2022 13:25
URI: http://repository.uinmataram.ac.id/id/eprint/1646

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