Mujib, Lalu Supriadi Bin (2021) Maqâshid al-syarî`ah al-shâthibî and ibn `ashûr's perspectives on al-qitâl verse. MADANIA Jurnal Kajian Keislaman, 25 (1). pp. 87-100. ISSN (P) ISSN: 1410-8143 (E) ISSN: 2501-1826

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Abstract

INDONESIA Ayat al-Qitâl sering dimanfaatkan sebagai simbol untuk menanamkan stigma negatif terhadap Islam dan memicu munculnya radikalisme agama, yang mengganggu hubungan Muslim-non-Muslim. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat perspektif al-Shâthibî dan Ibn `Ashûr tentang Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah dan kaitannya dengan ayat al-Qitâl. Studi mengungkapkan bahwa al-Shâthibî dan Ibn `Ashûr memiliki semangat yang sama untuk reformasi hukum Islam. Perbedaan muncul dalam ranah metodologis dan konseptual yang digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi dan memetakan Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah. Al-Shâthibî menggunakannya untuk merujuk pada trilogi Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah yang meliputi tujuan wacana hukum Islam, filsafat hukum Islam, dan prinsip hukum Islam. Di sisi lain, al-Shâthibî hanya memberikan contoh penerapan yang terkait dengan tujuan wacana hukum Islam. Sementara itu, Ibn `Ashûr membatasi penerapannya pada tujuan filsafat hukum Islam yang berkaitan dengan moral dan etika. Selanjutnya, al-Shâthibî mengidentifikasi dimensi Hifz al-Dîn (perlindungan agama) dalam ayat al-Qitâl menggunakan istiqrâ’ (induksi), yang merupakan metodologi wacana hukum Islam, sedangkan Ibn `Ashûr mengidentifikasinya berdasarkan filsafat hukum Islam. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa perspektif al-Shâthibî dan Ibn `Ashûr terhadap ayat al-Qitâl mengandung muatan Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah ENGLISH The verse of al-Qitâl is frequently exploited as a symbol to instill a negative stigma against Islam and trigger the emergence of religious radicalism, which disrupts Muslim-non-Muslim relations. This study aims to look into al-Shâthibî and Ibn `Ashûr's perspectives of Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah and its relation to the verse of al-Qitâl. Studies revealed that al-Shâthibî and Ibn `Ashûr had the same passion for Islamic law reform. Differences arise in the methodological and conceptual domain employed to identify and map Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah. Al-Shâthibî uses it to refer to the Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah trilogy, which includes the purpose of Islamic law discourse, Islamic law philosophy, and Islamic law principle. On the other hand, al-Shâthibî only provides examples of application related to the goals of Islamic law discourse. Meanwhile, Ibn `Ashûr limits its application to the purpose of Islamic law philosophy related to morals and ethics. Furthermore, al-Shâthibî identify the dimensions of Hifz al�Dîn (protection of religion) in the verse of al-Qitâl using the istiqrâ’ (induction), which is an Islamic law discourse methodology, while Ibn `Ashûr identify them based on the philosophy of Islamic law. This study concludes that al-Shâthibî and Ibn `Ashûr’s perspectives of the verse of al-Qitâl contain Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah content.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: al-Shâthibî; Ibn `Ashûr; al-Qitâl verse; Islamic law philosophy; Maqâshid al-Syarî`ah
Subjects: 22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies
22 PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGIOUS STUDIES > 2204 Religion and Religious Studies > 220403 Islamic Studies > 22040303 Aqidah, Islamic Theology, Ilmu Kalam, and related science
Divisions: Program Pascasarjana > Program Studi Magister Hukum Keluarga Islam
Depositing User: Dr Lalu Supriadi
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2021 06:33
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2021 04:47
URI: http://repository.uinmataram.ac.id/id/eprint/670

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